Jumlins TechBlog

The coding hell and the daily IT of Niklas Jumlin

January 9th, 2013

I found this really cool open source software that I’m currently implementing for a customer remotely.

It’s called HVBackup and is of the time of writing in Beta v1.
http://hypervbackup.codeplex.com/

Description from their website:

The main goal of this project is to provide a very easy and powerful free tool to backup and restore Hyper-V virtual machines, in standalone and clustered (CSV) environments, overcoming all the limitations that a generic tool like Diskshadow provides.

This tool targets Windows 2008, Windows 2008 R2 and Windows 8 / Windows Server 2012. All the corresponding core and free Hyper-V editions are also supported!

HVBackup supports app consistent and crash consistent backups through the Hyper V VSS writer component integrated in the operating system.

There are quite a few expensive commercial solutions on the market supporting this scenario, but this is the first open source one, based on the research we did before publishing the project.

We integrated this tool in our datacenter’s production environment management infrastructure, which means that it undergoes continuous testing in a real world environment :-)

HVBackup can be invoked from the command line, scripted with Powershell or integrated in any .Net program through it’s class library.

The backup process generates a separate zip file for each virtual machine in the specified output directory, containing all the files owned by the VM and identified for backup by the VSS Hyper-V provider.

My script for the tool is essentially the same as theirs, only that I’m slightly changing the way files are archived. Check it out below.

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May 24th, 2012

At work I was tasked with writing a script that would clean up and archive logs from an application that didn’t have any decent log rotation built-in. The application would however rotate the logs when the application’s service was restarted and then rename the old log with an incremental number suffix. So we added a scheduled task that would restart the service every night in order to get the logs rotated and free from being locked.

So what this script will do is to take any log which contains a number at the end and archive it to another location, it will then replace the archives last modified date to the original last modified date of the actual log file. After that it will simply delete archives older than X-days based on its last modified date and time.

You can of course configure the script to look for logs named in a different way. This is quite simple:

## Define files to match
$LogFileMatch = "*scplog?"
## * = Any or none characters
## ? = Any character (Must be one)

The script will log events to screen and also to a log file.
It will also log every event to Windows built-in EventLog if executed with administrator privileges.
The script will also handle all exit codes from 7-zip command-line which is the program it’s utilizing in order to archive files.

Configuration settings that can and should be edited in the script are commented at the top of the script.

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May 11th, 2012

I wrote a script that utilizes RoboCopy to mirror directories. It can easily be changed to do file level backups by changing some configurable parameters within the script. Read RoboCopys documentation to understand the use of switches.

Whats interesting about this script is that it writes events/logs to EventLog if executed with administrative privileges, otherwise it will just fallback to logging to file and screen.

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February 24th, 2011

I couldn’t find any unpacker that would extract and delete archives for a torrent after a certain period of time or after a certain seed ratio had been reached. I’ve noticed quite alot of people complain about this on, for example, uTorrent’s official forums.

So I wrote this script that will wait for a set amount of hours when a torrent finishes before extracting, deleting archives, moving files into its right location, scraping with EMM or EMM-R (command-line) AND notify XBMC of your new download and update its library.

This script will NOT stop your torrents.
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December 23rd, 2010

Well I had started to write a guide for this already, but just when I was to create this entry I came across a guide that’s already really good.

So I’m just going to link to Pete Long’s blog where I found it:

http://www.petenetlive.com/KB/Article/0000234.htm

October 26th, 2010

A colleague asked me if I could write a script that would move files within a folder or its subfolders that were older than one year into a new location but still keep the directory structure.
I figured it would be quite a challenge so I decided to do it for him; kind as I am =)

As I haven’t been providing this blog with something new in a long time I figured I could make it useful to more people if I added a few things, like different date formats and other various settings.

So here it goes:
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July 17th, 2010

I was given the task to rewrite the login script for a company, they had 4 sites and about 20 login scripts for various purposes.
So I wrote a general one which took care of all the general stuff.

You may look at my earlier post about an inventory script, because this script will use that one.

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July 13th, 2010

You may get this message when you open up Exchange Management Console (EMC) for Exchange 2010.

"Connecting to remote server failed with the following error message : The WinRM client received an HTTP server error status (500), but the remote service did not Include any other information about the cause of the failure. It was running command 'Discover-ExchangeServer -UseWIA $true ..."

And you may also not be able to connect to your Exchange server from Exchange Management Shell together with the following error message:

"VERBOSE: Connecting to servername.domainname.local New-PSSession : [servername.domainname.local ] Connecting to remote server failed with the following error message : The WinRM client received an HTTP server error status (500), but the remote service did not include any other information about the cause of the failure."

(the same shows up 3 times)
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April 21st, 2010

As far as I know, after some googling I couldn’t find any program that could take backups of Virtual Machines running on Hyper-V Core when the .VHD files were located on a Cluster Shared Storage.

If you read my previous post you can probably understand you aren’t able to install any advanced programs in the Core-version either because many required runtime files and libraries aren’t available.

Therefore I decided to write a PowerShell script that would export the machines to a network storage server.

I currently don’t have the required environment to develop or do any testing for this script. Therefore I cannot give you a customized script for your environment or needs.
Please also understand that this script is offered to you freely without any support. Feel free to make your own custom versions of it, while still mentioning me as author for the original script.

Updated 2010-05-12 14:40 UTC +1 (Various fixes/Added option to exclude some virtual machines)
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March 22nd, 2010

Microsoft Windows Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 is a free version much like Windows Server 2008 R2 Core, except it comes with the Hyper-V role preconfigured.

The only thing you will have to take in consideration before installing such a server is that Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 only comes with a PowerShell/CMD-prompt. So to configure such a server you should learn some Windows commands and PowerShell cmdlets.

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